Sunday, February 05, 2012

Install XEN dom0 and domU on Ubuntu 11.10

I had trouble getting Xen working on Ubuntu 10.04 and had to do many things, in fact still failing with LVM. Luckily with Ubuntu 11.10 installing Xen dom0 and domU is much easier, here is the steps to get dom0 working on Ubuntu.

Creating dom0


Login as root (sudo su)

Install required packages and the hypervisor

apt-get install xen-hypervisor-4.1-amd64
apt-get install xen-utils-4.1
apt-get install xenwatch
apt-get install xen-tools
apt-get install xen-utils-common
apt-get install xenstore-utils
apt-get install virtinst
apt-get install virt-viewer
apt-get install virt-manager

Now you have installed everything you need to run your dom0. Before you restart your system edit “/etc/xen/xend-config.sxp” and add the following (rather uncomment)

(xend-unix-server yes)

Next restart your system and pick the xen-kernel from the grub menu (if you want you can edit /etc/default to pick the correct kernel automatically). Now you are good to go.

Simply run “xm info” or “xm list”, you will see your system is running.


Creating a domU


Now Here are the steps to create an Ubuntu Lucid guest (domU) using xen-create-image utility, for that follow following steps.


Step1: go to /etc/xen-tools (edit xen-tools.conf or create a new conf file)
Step 2: Configure it as follows


dir = /mnt/xen
install-method = debootstrap
size = 8Gb # Disk image size.
memory = 1024Mb # Memory size
swap = 128Mb # Swap size
# noswap = 1 # Don't use swap at all for the new system.
fs = ext3 # use the EXT3 filesystem for the disk image.
dist = lucid # Default distribution to install.
image = sparse
dhcp = 1
nameserver = IP address of DNS Server
bridge = virbr0
kernel = /boot/vmlinuz-`uname -r`
initrd = /boot/initrd.img-`uname -r`
mirror = http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu
ext3_options = noatime,nodiratime,errors=remount-ro
ext2_options = noatime,nodiratime,errors=remount-ro
xfs_options = defaults
reiserfs_options = defaults
btrfs_options = defaults
boot = 1
passwd = 1
serial_device = hvc0
disk_device = xvda

Step 4: now run
xen-create-image –hostname=Ubuntu10

Step 3: In the middle of the image creation it will ask for the root password, simply put the password you like. Your domain will start automatically

Step 4: You can login to it using

xm console Ubuntu10


to terminate
xm destroy Ubuntu10

To restart
xm create –c /etc/Ubuntu10.cfg